Monthly Archives: September 2014

Flu vs Common Cold Symptoms

Flu vs Cold ~ Know the Difference

Cold – Treatment, Prevention & Complications

Symptoms:

  • Stuffy nose
  • Sneezing
  • Sore throat
  • Cough – mild to moderate
  • Aches and pains – if any will be mild
  • Generally no headache or fever

Treatment:

  • Antihistamines
  • Decongestant
  • Ibuprofen or similar medication (anti-inflammatory)

Prevention:

  • Wash your hands often
  • Avoid close contact with others with a cold

Complications:

  • Sinus congestion
  • Asthma
  • Middle ear infection

 

Flu – Treatment, Prevention & Complications

Fact: Influenza is a seriousĀ  disease of the nose, throat and lungs and can lead to pneumonia. Every year, more than 200,000 people are hospitalized from flu complications including 20,000 children and about 36,000 die from the flu. The best way to prevent the flu is by getting a flu vaccination each year.


Symptoms:

  • Fever – usually high that lasts 3-4 days
  • Headache
  • Aches and pains – often severe
  • Fatigue and weakness – can last up to 2-3 weeks
  • Extreme exhaustion
  • Dry cough
  • Sore throat
  • Runny or stuffy nose
  • Nausea, vomiting and diarrhea is more common in children than adults

Treatment:

  • Antiviral medication prescribed by your doctor

Prevention:

  • Flu virus is spread mainly by an infected person that coughs or sneezes
  • Annual flu vaccine – offered October through February
  • Wash your hands often
  • Avoid contact with infected individuals

Complications:

  • Pneumonia
  • Ear infections
  • Sinus infections
  • Bronchitis
  • Dehydration
  • Worsening of chronic medical conditions
  • Can be life threatening

For more information visit: http://www.cdc.gov/flu/about/season/index.htm