FDA Warning…

FDA Warning…

That usually tends to get people’s attention and I am no different. The article that I initially read was on Medscape Nurses; according to Tuma (2015) Wallcur’s simulated IV saline solution has been inappropriately sent to medical clinics, surgical centers and urgent care facilities in several states. The simulated IV solution lacks the sterilization process and is not intended for infusions in humans or animals.

The bags of simulated IV solutions were labeled to indicate that it is for simulation use only; those facilities that received the simulated IV solution report that they were unaware that they received simulation product. Where was the breakdown that leads to patients being infused with sub-standard solution? The article raised more questions than it provided answers for which I am sure will be debated in future court rooms.

My main curiosity and the reason for this blog is… why is there a need for simulated IV solution? When I was in training classes with scenarios that required starting an IV and administering fluids, we used outdated IV solutions that were pulled from the shelf. Why purchase simulated products when you can use what you have on your shelf and avoid a costly mistake? If I were a patient, I would much rather run the risk of having outdated IV solution that has been sterilized than sub-standard solution for training purposes only that has not been appropriately sterilized and not even appropriate for animals.

If you are interested in more information on the FDA recall, you can visit their website.

Reference:

Tuma, R. (2015). Simulated IV Products Being Used in Patients, FDA Warns. Medscape Nurses.     Retrieved from http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/838206?nlid=74668_2822&src=wnl_edit_medp_nurs&uac=117283CJ&spon=24

Ebola… just the facts

As of October 31, 2014 the World Health Organization (WHO) has reported 13, 567 suspected cases of Ebola and 4,951 deaths; the United States has had four reported cases and one death. Both the WHO and Centers of Disease Control (CDC) believe that the figures are two to three times higher than the reported numbers.

So, who is at risk? Individuals that have been exposed to Ebola infected patients. The virus spreads by direct contact with blood or other body fluids of an infected human or other animal. Body fluids include: saliva, blood, mucus, vomit, feces, sweat, tears, breast milk, semen and urine. Most common transmission of the virus is through blood, feces and vomit. Infection with the virus may also occur by direct contact with a recently contaminated item or surface.

Symptoms usually begin with flu like stage; fatigue, muscle and joint aches, headache, sore throat and a fever of 101⁰F. If you have traveled outside of the United States especially to Africa and have these symptoms, then should seek medical attention.

So…. how do I protect myself?
Wash your hands! Avoid contact with blood and body fluids of any person… especially one that is sick or has a fever. Do not touch items that may have come into contact with an infected person’s blood or body fluids such as door knobs, table tops, key board/mouse, channel changer, etc.

You can find more information at these websites:
Centers of Disease Control: http://www.cdc.gov/vhf/ebola/index.html
World Health Organization: http://www.who.int/csr/disease/ebola/en/

Flu vs Common Cold Symptoms

Flu vs Cold ~ Know the Difference

Cold – Treatment, Prevention & Complications

Symptoms:

  • Stuffy nose
  • Sneezing
  • Sore throat
  • Cough – mild to moderate
  • Aches and pains – if any will be mild
  • Generally no headache or fever

Treatment:

  • Antihistamines
  • Decongestant
  • Ibuprofen or similar medication (anti-inflammatory)

Prevention:

  • Wash your hands often
  • Avoid close contact with others with a cold

Complications:

  • Sinus congestion
  • Asthma
  • Middle ear infection

 

Flu – Treatment, Prevention & Complications

Fact: Influenza is a serious  disease of the nose, throat and lungs and can lead to pneumonia. Every year, more than 200,000 people are hospitalized from flu complications including 20,000 children and about 36,000 die from the flu. The best way to prevent the flu is by getting a flu vaccination each year.


Symptoms:

  • Fever – usually high that lasts 3-4 days
  • Headache
  • Aches and pains – often severe
  • Fatigue and weakness – can last up to 2-3 weeks
  • Extreme exhaustion
  • Dry cough
  • Sore throat
  • Runny or stuffy nose
  • Nausea, vomiting and diarrhea is more common in children than adults

Treatment:

  • Antiviral medication prescribed by your doctor

Prevention:

  • Flu virus is spread mainly by an infected person that coughs or sneezes
  • Annual flu vaccine – offered October through February
  • Wash your hands often
  • Avoid contact with infected individuals

Complications:

  • Pneumonia
  • Ear infections
  • Sinus infections
  • Bronchitis
  • Dehydration
  • Worsening of chronic medical conditions
  • Can be life threatening

For more information visit: http://www.cdc.gov/flu/about/season/index.htm